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英语口语流利的三大秘诀:放慢语速 发音清晰

上传时间:2016-08-26  来源:伯克利教育官网

Speaking clearly and efficiently can make it much easier to get your ideas across. You'll need to slow down your speech, enunciate your syllables, and practice your diction. Take the time to practice speaking, and correct yourself if you mess up.

说话清晰,有条理能让他人更容易理解你的想法。所以,你需要放慢语速,发音清晰,加强用词的准确性。如果你说话不够流利,那么请你花时间仔细看看下面的内容,并在平时按照下面的3个方法锻炼哦~



1.Slowing Down

放慢语速


First step

第一步:

Take a deep breath. Calm yourself down before you start speaking, so that your lungs won't run out of air.

请深呼吸。在说话之前,静下心来。(深呼吸,让你的肺部充满氧气)这样做,会让你在说话的时候,不会因缺氧而停顿。

Distill your thoughts – do not spill them. Take the time to center yourself, and proceed mindfully from there.

精炼语句。但不要漏下该说的。集中精神,然后慎言之。


Second Step

第二步:

Articulate your words. Pronounce each syllable individually. Syl-la-ble.

清晰地发出每一个音节。比如你在说“Syllable”的时候,把这个单词拆成3个音节“Syl”-“la”-“ble”来发。

Take it very slowly, at first, until each sound is clear and distinct. Gradually speed up your speech and decrease the space between words until you are speaking normally.

刚开始的时候慢慢地发每个音节,确保每一个音节是独立、清晰的。然后,逐渐加快语速,同时缩短单词和单词之间停顿的时间,(按照这种方式训练)直到你能以正常语速说英语。

Tips:

1.Make sure you actually stop the air for consonants like 't' and 'b'. Differentiate between your vowels.

确保你在两个辅音之间有所停顿,如“t”和“b”。同时注意区分元音。

2.Don't expect to speak with perfect clarity right away. You may need to practice this for several hours each day.

这种锻炼方式不会立竿见影,你需要日复一日地坚持练习。

3.Practice when you're alone – in the car, or walking down the street; when cleaning, or knitting.

利用独处的零碎时间练习。比如在车子里或者在街上散步的时候;还可以在打扫卫生、缝纫衣服的时候练口语。


Third step

第三步:

Speak more slowly. It can be incredibly helpful to give your words an extra second or two to fully come out of your mouth. Pausing also works, because pausing allows the person you're speaking to, to digest all of the words you've just said.进一步放慢语速。开口说英语的时候稍微慢个1-2秒,让发音饱满完整,这会很有帮助。这1-2秒的时间,可以让听众有时间去理解你的意思。停顿也可以达到一样的效果。

英语口语流利的三大秘诀:放慢语速 发音清晰



2.Honing Speech Mechanics

琢磨说话技巧


First step

第一步:

Practice your grammar. If you use poor grammar, your thoughts and ideas may not come across as clearly as you'd like.

训练语法。如果你的语法不好,你就不能清楚地表达自己的想法。


Second step

第二步:

Expand your vocabulary. One apt word can be much clearer than a flurry of circumlocution. Try to find exactly the word you need – then use it effectively.

扩大词汇量。比起一连串迂回的解释,一个准确恰当的单词更能清楚地表达意思。(在练习过程中)试着寻找更恰当的单词,并把它们运用到实际生活中。


Third step

第三步:

Think before you speak. If you prepare your words, you may run less risk of slipping up. Even if you don't plan out the exact words that you're going to say, you can take a moment to think through your ideas and clarify them in your mind.

说话之前动动脑子。开口前组织一下语言,可以减少很多错误。就算说话前你不组织语言,你也要花些时间整理一下思路和想法。


Fourth step

第四步:

Speak with inflection. Questions should ascend in pitch at the end. Statements should inflect somewhat deeper, with finality. Notice which syllables and words get emphasis. Try exaggerating your inflection, the way you would if you were reading a story to a small child.

说话要抑扬顿挫。提问用上扬的语调,陈述在句末下降语调。注意要重读的音节。试着用一些方法来练习你的语调,比如给孩子读故事。

英语口语流利的三大秘诀:放慢语速 发音清晰



3.Exercising Diction

练习措辞


First step

第一步:

Practice saying tongue twisters. If you work on phrases that are difficult to pronounce, you may find it easier to speak clearly in everyday conversation.

练习绕口令。如果你在比较难发音的绕口令上下点功夫,你会发现每天的日常对话会简单很多。

绕口令推荐:

①betty and bob brought back blue balloons from the big bazaar.

betty和bob从大杂货店市场上买了蓝气球。

②susan shines shoes and socks; she ceased shining shoes and socks for shoes and socks shock susan.

把鞋子和袜子擦亮,她不再擦亮鞋子和袜子,因为鞋子和袜子把susan吓坏了。

③sarah saw a shot-silk sash shop full of shot-silk sashes as the sunshine shone on the side of the shot-silk sash shop.

萨拉看到闪光丝饰品店挂满了闪光丝饰品,好象太阳在店边上发出刺眼的光芒。

④chop shops stock chops.

印章店备有印章。


Second step

第二步:

Repeat the phrases over and over. Start very slowly and clearly, enunciating each syllable: "Five flipp-ant French-men fly from France for fash-ions." Get faster and faster while maintaining clarity.

反复练习。一开始练习的时候,速度可以慢些,但发音一定要清晰。例如:“Five flipp-ant French-men fly from France for fash-ions.” 刚开始说这句话的时候确保每个音节都到位,之后可以逐渐加快速度。


Third step

第三步:

Be confident in your speech. Don't be afraid to speak loudly and clearly. Reciting anything that someone else has written—poems, books, tongue twisters—is great for practicing confidence.

要有信心!不要害怕大声说话。在练习和背诵时,可以选择名著、诗歌或者绕口令当材料,这些都能增加你的自信。

按照以上方法坚持练习,一定可以提高你的口语!

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